A repetitive strain injury is defined as an accumulation of microtrauma caused by prolonged or repetitive loading or stress exerted on a tissue (ex.: muscle, ligament, tendon, joint capsule) beyond its physiological tolerance. These injuries may take years to manifest themselves and may take longer to recover than acute sprains and strains.
Signs and symptoms will vary depending on the severity of the injury. These may include pain, swelling, limited range of motion and inflammation.
Fatigue, lack of muscular coordination, poor equipment, and unsuitable ergonomics are the most common risk factors for these types of injuries.
Physical activity, sport-specific exercizes, activity modifications, increasing joint proprioception[NW17] , stability training, strength and cardiovascular training can help mitigate the risk of these types of injury.
Treatment may vary depending on the nature and severity of the injury. Photobiomodulation/laser therapy can help increase the rate of tissue repair and minimize the persistent effects of scar tissue accumulation, thus maximizing the potential for long-term beneficial outcomes. Chiropractic care, acupuncture, treatment with our Ultralign Instrument, and rehabilitation protocols may also be implemented to accelerate the healing process and minimize barriers to recovery.
For immediate self-care in case of a sprain, try the R.I.C.E. approach: rest, ice, compression, elevation.
People tend to heal well from these types of injuries, but if the initial cause is not addressed, there is a risk that injury will reoccur. Ongoing specific rehabilitation protocols and activity modifications can help decrease the risk of re-injury. Continued maintenance care can also minimize the risk of barriers to recovery such as limited range of motion at the surrounding joints and altered gait.